1.
You are responsible for yourself and your crew as you travel to an incident out of town. Upon your arrival, your first responsibility is to:
A.
check in with the appropriate personnel.
B.
ensure that everyone has the appropriate amount of water and food.
C.
ascertain the whereabouts of the staging area.
D.
have the crew to conduct equipment checks on their pack contents.


2.
ALL of the statements below are TRUE about a crew mission briefing EXCEPT:
A.
The Planning Section, or its delegate, conducts it.
B.
It is an opportunity to pass information upward to search management.
C.
It is when information about safety hazards are communicated.
D.
It is a summary of the past and present circumstances of the incident.


3.
As a searcher, you should expect ALL of the following EXCEPT:
A.
Information about the subject (name, description, etc.) will be communicated at the briefing.
B.
Briefings are conducted in an oral as well as written manner.
C.
Clue considerations are discussed in the briefing.
D.
The briefing will be conducted immediately following completion of the assignment.


4.
Crew mission debriefings are usually conducted by which section?
A.
Planning
B.
Operations
C.
Logistics
D.
Finance/Administration


5.
Which of the following is FALSE about crew mission debriefings?
A.
Their purpose is to funnel information from search crews back to management.
B.
They are conducted by the Plans Section.
C.
They are conducted only with team leaders and higher ranks.
D.
They are conducted to determine search conditions.


6.
Check-out occurs:
A.
upon arrival at the search.
B.
upon leaving from the mission base or staging area for the assignment.
C.
upon departing the incident.
D.
upon returning to the staging area.


7.
On a search crew, the person responsible for tracking the crew's whereabouts in relation to the search area and the incident base is the:
A.
team leader.
B.
timekeeper.
C.
tally.
D.
navigator.


8.
On a search crew, this person is responsible for maintaining information about the distance traveled in relation to the search area and the incident base:
A.
the team leader
B.
the timekeeper
C.
tally
D.
navigator


9.
On a search crew, this person is responsible for ensuring that crew tasks are conducted properly:
A.
team leader
B.
timekeeper
C.
tally
D.
navigator


10.
On a search crew, the person responsible for acting as a crew “scribe” and recording the chronology of events that occur on the assignment is called the:
A.
team leader.
B.
timekeeper.
C.
tally.
D.
navigator.


11.
The instructions issued to you as a crew leader tell you that your crew will employ indirect search tactics. ALL of these are indirect EXCEPT:
A.
fact finding and interviews
B.
walking trails inside the search area
C.
using strobe lights on the edge of the search area
D.
posting searchers at likely exit points from the search area


12.
The investigation that a sheriff's deputy might do at a search would be characterized as a _____________ search tactic because it _________________.
A.
direct; does not involve a field searcher
B.
direct; specifically searching for the subject or clues
C.
indirect; is not performed by a field searcher
D.
indirect; does not involve specifically searching for the subject or clues


13.
Search management has fully utilized its resources and tactics without finding the subject. A remaining tactic involves no field searching specifically for the subject, but includes continued investigation and periodic use of the former search area as a training site for search crews. Management refers to this tactic as:
A.
loose grid search.
B.
search suspension.
C.
continuous limited search.
D.
non-area search.


14.
Tactics such as route blocks, track traps, and patrols are referred to as _______________, even though they may occur inside the search area, and are considered ___________________ tactics.
A.
containment; indirect
B.
attraction; indirect
C.
containment; direct
D.
attraction; direct


15.
You have just been assigned to a crew of field searchers on a search. The crew you are on is composed of two to four skilled searchers who have had a great deal of training and are capable of moving very quickly over the terrain to which you will be assigned. Your tasking is to search a travel route that the subject may have used. Your crew is said to be on a(n):
A.
grid search.
B.
area search.
C.
hasty search.
D.
trail patrol.


16.
A hasty search is considered to be one in which there:
A.
involves less thoroughness in exchange for wider geographic coverage in less time through use of a control line.
B.
are only trail patrols and road blocks employed.
C.
is an effort to find clues and define the search area, and requires few resources to conduct.
D.
involves moving a group of searchers in a very organized, systematic formation to obtain the highest probability of detection.


17.
You and your crew are systematically circling the subject's point last seen in an effort to find the first clue from which to track. Your crew is using the technique of:
A.
sign cutting.
B.
route search.
C.
grid search.
D.
patrolling.


18.
Operations Section has given your three-person crew the assignment of searching a particular segment. You realize from the assignment that your crew's technique will be to purposefully roam assigned search lanes, with searchers independently moving laterally as well as forward to check likely spots within their lane. These searchers are skilled in navigation and clue detection. The tactic that you are using is:
A.
hasty search.
B.
route search.
C.
loose grid searching.
D.
tight grid searching.


19.
Having finished your assignment and having been debriefed, Operations wants the same crew you had to conduct another search. You will have your trained crew members interspersed at regular intervals with unskilled searchers that are now assigned to you. All of you will be in narrow search lanes. Your searchers will generally maintain their parallel and equally spaced lanes. The goal is very thorough search with high coverage. You are to conduct:
A.
hasty searching.
B.
route searching.
C.
loose grid searching.
D.
tight grid searching.


20.
You and the same crew from Question 19 are together at another incident. This time, you are tasked to work in conjunction with other search crews. Time won't be an issue in this instance because there is no live subject to find. What you seek to find will often be very small objects. Maintaining a chain of custody of anything found will also be especially important this time. A risk with this technique is that management has only one chance; the environment may be so disrupted afterward that anything missed in this search will probably never be found again. The technique here is:
A.
route searching.
B.
evidence searching.
C.
containment.
D.
tracking.


21.
You are the crew leader of a crew assigned to do an area search. In all area searches regardless of type, a ____________ runs perpendicular to the search crew's general direction of travel throughout the assignment and defines which direction the individual searchers will look for guidance.
A.
feature
B.
compass bearing
C.
control line
D.
base line


22.
One of your priorities is to determine from where your crew will start. You either use your task assignment or your observations of terrain as a starting point. You determine the direction of travel and designate a line perpendicular to that direction. Your crew lines up in the appropriate spacing along the line after you have named the person who will keep the team on the right direction of travel. The line that defines the starting points for each crew member and is perpendicular to that direction of travel is the:
A.
line of departure.
B.
compass bearing.
C.
base line.
D.
control line.


23.
The general name for the person to whom the other searchers look for directional guidance during the course of the assignment is the:
A.
crew leader.
B.
guide person.
C.
tally counter.
D.
sign cutter.


24.
If you instruct your crew to “guide right,” in which direction will the crew look to maintain the direction of travel?
A.
left
B.
right
C.
center
D.
rear


25.
_____________ can be used to create an artificial line that substitutes for a natural feature to provide guidance to the search crews.
A.
Trail tape or ribbon
B.
The Trail watcher line
C.
A hiking trail
D.
A creek


26.
You are a team leader and your control operations assign a 10-guide right-30 formation. In what direction is your guide person?
A.
the crew's front
B.
the left
C.
the right
D.
the rear


27.
In a 5-guide right-30 formation, what average distance have you been instructed to place between searchers?
A.
5 feet
B.
15 feet
C.
30 feet
D.
60 feet


28.
In a 5-guide right-30 formation, how many searchers in total are on your team if the team leader is on the control line?
A.
5
B.
9
C.
11
D.
30


29.
If your instructions were to use “10-compass 15-30,” what would be your guide?
A.
a guide person 15 searchers down the line
B.
a compass bearing of 10 degrees
C.
a compass bearing of 15 degrees
D.
a compass bearing somewhere between 15-30 degrees, depending on terrain and ground cover


30.
If your instructions had been to maintain a searcher interval of 20 meters, how far apart would you report in the debriefing that your searchers were in the assignment?
A.
20 meters
B.
roughly 20 meters
C.
40 meters
D.
It may vary depending on the terrain and ground cover experienced during the assignment.


31.
You are a team leader for some Venturing scouts in an area search at Mount Rainier National Park in the Pacific Northwest (USA). Your instructions include information searching a “7-Area-124.” In which of the three parts do you find instructions on the number of searchers in your control line?
A.
first part
B.
second part
C.
third part
D.
none of the parts


32.
You are a team leader for some Venturing scouts in an area search at Mount Rainier National Park in the Pacific Northwest (USA). Your instructions include information searching a “7-Area-124.” In which of the three parts do you find instructions on the spacing between searchers?
A.
first part
B.
second part
C.
third part
D.
none of the parts


33.
You are a team leader for some Venturing scouts in an area search at Mount Rainier National Park in the Pacific Northwest (USA). Your instructions include information searching a “7-Area-124.” In which of the three parts might you find a compass bearing to be used as your direction of travel?
A.
first part
B.
second part
C.
third part
D.
none of the parts


34.
You are a crew leader assigned to a particular search segment in an incident in the Southern Appalachian Mountains (USA). The heavy undergrowth of Rhododendron and Mountain Laurel presents a challenge to finding clues. Your duties include determining the greatest typical distance at which a crew member could see a clue that your subject might have had. This distance is called:
A.
best spacing (BS).
B.
mean greatest visibility (MGV).
C.
probability of detection (POD).
D.
average maximum detection range (AMDR).


35.
How is AMDR (average maximum detection range) determined?
A.
Using a tape measure, one searcher holds the tape at the clue while the other measures the distance where they can no longer see the first searcher. The distance between the two searchers is recorded as the correct determination.
B.
Like above, but the searchers take turns recording the distance measured and repeat this step eight times. The average of the distances by the two searchers is recorded as correct determination.
C.
Using one or more searchers, a typical clue is put down in the forest. Each searcher walks away from the clue and estimates the distance at which they think the clue will no longer be visible. The estimated distance is recorded as correct determination.
D.
Using one or more searchers, a typical clue is put down in the forest. Each searcher follows a bearing away from the clue until it cannot be seen, makes note of the distance to that point using pace count, and continues for another 50-100 meters. The searcher makes a right turn and walks around the clue until they are on a bearing 45 degrees greater than the original one and walks toward the clue until they can see it. The distance from that point to the clue is measured through pace count. Each searcher repeats this process until each has accumulated around eight of these measurements. The average of all the measurements is the correct determination.


36.
The purpose of the determination of AMDR is to:
A.
make a quantitative measure of search conditions.
B.
make a quantitative measure of search success.
C.
make a qualitative measure of search conditions.
D.
make a qualitative measure of search success.


37.
The pattern of observation known as the “searcher cube” refers to:
A.
actively looking for clues in an area a half-sweep-width long and a half-sweep-width wide.
B.
attempting to estimate how many clues could be observed in a hypothetical square in your search segment.
C.
making a practice of looking upward, downward, and in a 360° circle around you.
D.
putting searchers into a four-cornered formation for a grid search.


38.
You can improve your ability to maintain your spacing as well as your correct position on the control line if you:
A.
Assign numbers to each searcher and tape these numbers onto their backs.
B.
periodically shoot azimuths up and down the control line.
C.
memorize the names, faces, and the color of the clothing worn by the searchers to your immediate left and right on the line.
D.
regularly refer back to your team leader for spacing and position information.


39.
In talking with non-search personnel, the good searcher should always:
A.
feel comfortable in talking to the media and the subject's family whether or not his or her assignment requires them to do so.
B.
talk to the media, the subject's family, and bystanders in the field as necessary.
C.
interview hikers and other potential witnesses that you encounter on your assignment.
D.
Avoid discussing anything with anyone not on your crew.


40.
A way for one crew member to significantly hamper another crew member's ability to operate at night is to:
A.
assign the member to the position of navigator.
B.
shine his or her headlight into the other's eyes.
C.
instruct the member of the crew to turn his or her headlight beam at a downward angle.
D.
have him or her act as the team's scribe.


41.
Each of the following statements about competent searchers is true EXCEPT:
A.
They have a ready pack and know its contents.
B.
They follow the rule: “Be prepared.”
C.
They believe that even a piece of equipment they don't know how to use is still worth bringing.
D.
They know how to utilize the contents of your pack.


42.
Your personal equipment should be checked and readied in which stage of the SAR incident?
A.
call-out
B.
preplanning and preparation
C.
critique
D.
debriefing


43.
One aspect that is NOT a part of necessary preplanning and preparation is:
A.
knowledge of exact details of the next mission.
B.
equipment checks.
C.
physical conditional.
D.
maintenance of a proper mental attitude.



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